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Saturday, September 13, 2014

6th April 1814 – Battle of Hasselt

Hasselt campaign area
Both armies have orders to attack

Prussian           44,000 infantry            3,000 cavalry                 90 guns
French               36,000 infantry           3,000 cavalry                 90 guns

Prussian HQ    halt
1 corps              halt on hold
3 corps              move to G05, F05 on attack
4 corps              move to F06 on attack

French HQ       move D05, E05
1 corps              move D05, E05 on attack
13 corps            move E03, E04, E05 on attack
19 corps            move E04, E05, F05 on attack

Table at start of wargame

Prussian  Brigades     11 infantry      3 cavalry           3 artillery
French Brigades          9 infantry         3 cavalry           3 artillery

Prussian HQ                   start on table F05
1 corps                             start on table E05
3 corps                             arrive F05 move 5
4 corps                             start on table F05

French HQ                      arrive move 1 D05
1 corps                             arrive move 1 D05
13 corps                           arrive move 1 E03
19 corps                      start on table E03

Note – 1 Prussian corps is deployed in and around Hasselt
Move 1 – 0800 to 0900
1 Prussian occupy Hasselt
3 Prussian ordered to deploy between town and woods
1 French ordered to deploy between hills and farm
19 French deploy north of pass
13 French arrive on table

Move 2 – 0900 to 1000
13 French ordered to deploy to the right of 19 French
1 Prussian reserve deploy
4 Prussian ordered to occupy woods

Move 3 – 1000 to 1100
4 Prussian infantry enter woods
4 Prussian cavalry advance to spot 13 and 19 French to slow them down
Blucher moves to meet 3 Prussian and issue orders to them
13 French ordered to engage woods
Move 4 – 1100 to 1200
1 Prussian move second brigade into town as reserves
1 French ordered to engage town
13 French advance towards woods
4 Prussian cavalry charge cuirassiers, win melee and French retire shaken
3 Prussian ordered to advance right of woods and attack 13 French in flank
Move 5 – 1200 to 1300
4 Prussian cavalry receive 10% casualties from artillery, pass morale
1 French advance to engage town
3 Prussian arrive on table
19 French lancers charge dragoons, Prussians lose and retire shaken

Move 6 – 1300 to 1400
4 Prussian dragoons fail morale and rout
3 Prussian deploy to engage 13 French
13 French redeploy to engage 3 Prussian
Move 7 – 1400 to 1500
19 French lancers 10% casualties from artillery fire, pass morale
Blucher rallies 4 Prussian routed cavalry to shaken 
3 Prussian hussars charge cuirassiers, who retire shaken
Town garrison receive 10% casualties from guard artillery, pass morale
Move 8 – 1500 to 1600
13 French shaken cavalry retire behind square and rally
19 French lancers retire out of artillery range
13 and 19 French ordered to hold, not engage
Town garrison receive another 105 casualties from guard artillery, again pass morale
Reserve brigade replace battered garrison
3 Prussian advance through woods
Blucher rallies 4 Prussian shaken cavalry to disordered
Move 9 – 1600 to 1700
Town garrison 10% skirmish casualties, pass morale
4 Prussian infantry 10% artillery casualties, pass morale
13 Prussian infantry in woods 10% skirmish casualties, pass morale
1 Guard infantry 10% skirmish casualtgies, pass morale
13 French ordered to hold, not engage
19 French infantry 10% artillery casualties, pass morale

Move 10 – 1700 to 1800
1 Prussian replace garrison with full strength brigade
4 Prussian infantry in woods 20% skirmish casualties, pass morale
3 Prussian advance to engage 13 French
13 French infantry 10% skirmish casualties, pass morale
French Guard ordered to attack town
Guard lose melee with 500 casualties, to 200 Prussian, and rout
Move 11 – 1800 to 1900
French Guard change orders from attack to retreat
3 Prussian infantry 10% skirmish casualties, fail morale and are shaken
13 French infantry 20% artillery and skirmish casualties, fail morale and are shaken
19 French lancers charge dragoons, lose melee and retire shaken

Move 12 – 1900 to 2000
French guard infantry 10% artillery casualties, fail morale and are shaken
19 French infantry 20% artillery casualties, pass morale
13 French infantry lose firefight and rout with 30% casualties
13 French infantry lose melee and rout with 50% casualties
13 French gunners, cavalry and reserve infantry fail morale and join rout
French rout
13 French infantry rout having lost  firefight and melee.
Cavalry, gunners and reserve infantry all lose their morale and join rout
Marshal Macdonald orders a general retreat

Game Casualties
French lose 7,200 infantry and 300 cavalry
Prussians lose 4,000 infantry and 100 cavalry

Game Summary
French Old Guard attack Hasselt
The town is held by 1 Prussian corps
Guard artillery cause heavy casualties to garrison
Garrison is replaced twice with fresh brigades
Guard infantry storm town, but lose heavy casualties and retreat
13 French corps is pinned between the woods and the hills
They are battered by 3 Prussian corps and part of 4 Prussian corps
Finally break and rout
This was a long and hard battle
For most of the battle it could have to either side
Only in the last three moves did the Prussians gain the upper hand

Total casualties, including from earlier battles, at the end of the battle
French 9,100 casualties and 8 brigades in rout
Prussian 6,100 casualties 5 brigades in rout or shaken

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