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Monday, February 9, 2015

17th April 1814 – Battle of Kurutze

Kurutze Campaign area

3rd British have orders to attack E02
5th  Guerrilla have orders to recce E03
23rd French have orders to hold and resupply

4th British should also attack E02 from Savaltiere
But they are pinned by French attack on Savaltiere

British - 8000 infantry, 1000 cavalry and 30 guns
Spanish – 1000 infantry
French - 12000 infantry, 1000 cavalry and 30 guns

Table at start of wargame
British Brigades          2 infantry         1 cavalry           1 artillery
French Brigades          3 infantry         1 cavalry           1 artillery

All corps start battle on table

Move 1 – 0800 to 0900
 British cavalry advance to cover approach march
French start to deploy
Move 2 – 0900 to 1000
British commander become aware that he is outnumbered
Orders deployment out of artillery range
He will see if his artillery can even the odds
French cavalry advance to counter British dragoons
French infantry advance south of town

Move 3 – 1000 to 1100
French commander decides to wait for the British to attack
British continue to deploy
Move 4 -1100 to 1200
Cavalry retreat out of artillery range
French artillery opens fire on farm, no casualties
British artillery unlimber out of artillery range
Move 5 – 1200 to 1300
French artillery continue to fire on farm, no casualties
British artillery manhandle into long range
Move 6 – 1300 to 1400
British artillery hit town, garrison pass morale with 10% casualties
French artillery fire on gunners, no casualties

Move 7 – 1400 to 1500
British artillery hit garrison, who pass morale with 20% casualties
French artillery hit guerrillas, who rout from farm with 10% casualties

Move 8 – 1500 to 1600
British artillery fire on garrison, no casualties
French change orders to Engage
Artillery manhandle within range of enemy infantry
Infantry advance towards woods

Move 9 – 1600 to 1700
British change orders to Engage
Infantry advance towards woods
Artillery fire on gunners, no casualties
French artillery hit highlanders, who are shaken with 10% casualties
Infantry advance towards woods, supported by southern garrison

Move 10 – 1700 to 1800
British artillery fire on gunners, no casualties
Infantry advance into woods
Highlanders fail their morale and rout
Nearby dragoons fail their morale and are shaken
French infantry and artillery fire on woods

With one brigade in rout and his cavalry shaken Picton orders a general retreat

Game Casualties
French lose 800 infantry
British lose 800 infantry

Game Summary
The British attack should have been supported by a second corps
But they were pinned at the battle of Savaltiere
As a result they attacked a stronger enemy at Kurutze
Picton halted his corps out of artillery range
If his artillery could even the odds he would attack
He caused damage to the garrison, but they held
The French routed the guerrilla from the farm
They then routed the highland brigade
The dragoons were shaken as a result
Picton ordered a general retreat to avoid further casualties

Total casualties, including from earlier battles,  at the end of the battle
British 6,200 casualties, 1 brigade in rout and four shaken
French 4,000 casualties

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